Question Regarding Preflop Section  


New Member
Joined:2 years  ago
Posts: 1
August 31, 2016 5:03 pm  

Hey Alton,

Just finished the preflop section and got a few questions for ya.

"Preflop calling ranges"

1. It seems like you decide to call a 2bet based on the other guy's open range and gap theory. When you say you should be calling the top of the guy's opening range, how do you systematically say this is the top of the range, middle or bottom? Do you say ATs is top of the range in CO 22% open because it is near the top of the suited aces in that range and A9o is bottom of unsuited aces in that range? Another example would be if UTG opens 8.9% would you not call with AJ because it is at the bottom of the Ax range? Hopefully you can help me clarify the gap theory here.

"Limped in Multi-Way Pots"

You mentioned that we should be limping with these hands if there are 2 or more limpers before us and opening IP with these and oop with these

1. Why is the QTs one gapper is not included in the limping range and J9s is while QTs shows more equity in equilab. Does this make QTs auto fold because its not in the opening range both IP and Opp for limped pots?

2. Should we always be iso raising with the standard opening ranges with 1 limper or is there ever a situation when we can limp along?

3. Does 2 or more limpers automatically mean we follow the above ranges for limped pots or can we be using the standard opening range for a pot with 2 or more limpers? The video on isolation raise stated that we should be opening with our standard opening range even with multiple limpers to try to isolate. 


FINAL question is regarding the BTN opening range. In the video introducing that range you included 98o but all the other videos such as live play did not have it.


Sorry for the length of the questions, I just wanted to clear up the inconsistencies to make sure I am learning the things I should.


Thanks in advance! 

Alton - MicroGrinder Poker
Member Admin
Joined:2 years  ago
Posts: 331
September 1, 2016 6:13 pm  

Hi - lots of questions on one post, so I'll do my best to try to answer them but I'm sure I'll miss just let me know.

Regarding calling opening ranges. Its not super cut and dry regarding the gap theory. First off, we should be flatting hands that we don't want to 3-bet for value or a bluff. What that means with the gap theory is that includes hands that we estimate to be near the top of our opponent's opening range. The ranges I provide in the course are just samples; you must remember that everyone plays differently and what ranges you estimate them to be opening with will be different, so your calling ranges will be as well. Lets take AT suited for example. If an opponent is open raising AJ+ UTG, then we wouldn't call with AT suited because of being dominated and out kicked. How lets assume someone open in the CO with A2s+ and A9o+. Against such a range, AT suited plays well because we dominate lots of CO's weaker Ace opening ranges A2-A9. With calling, the worst thing you can do is call hands that will be out kicked when wer're talking about broadway hands (Ax, Ks, Qx type of hands).

Regarding limped pots, you shouldn't be open limping, but should consider limping behind with a wide array of hands that play well multi-way and can flop really strong hands (flushes, straights, sets, flush draws, straight draws) that will get paid off nicely. So that is why there are tons of suited connectors, small-medium pairs, weak suited aces that make nut flush and wheel straights, etc).

Regarding QTs, its not an auto-fold; everything is dynamic. The difference with J9s versus QTs is that QTs will face top pair poor kicker situations more often than J9s. But again, everything is dynamic for in-game play...what I showed was an example.

You shouldn't limp behind with your open-raising range when you can iso-raise a loose passive bad recreational player. If there are two players in the pot, yes I'd iso-raise with my standard opening range. If they were both really bad and limp / calling raises with really weak hands I would even iso-raise even wider. The caveat here is when you're in late position and your open raising range starts to get weak. Sometimes you'll fold on the BTN rather than iso-raise with a weak all depends on how comfortable you are playing such hands post-flop.

Regarding the BTN opening range; its dynamic. So just because I showed 98o, doesn't mean we have to open it.

The one biggest take away I want you to get from this is that ranges (open-raising, calling, isolating, squeezing, 3-betting, stealing, etc) are all dynamic...not static. You have to make in-game adjustment as well as adjust the ranges for what best suits you and what you are comfortable playing, as well as base them upon how your opponents are playing. Look at my range suggestions as "starting points" and adjust them accordingly.

Hope that helps.